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Composables

Vue 3 Composition API allows you to create reusable logic that can be shared across components. It also allows you to create custom hooks that can be used in your components.

TresJS takes huge advantage of this API to create a set of composable functions that can be used to create animations, interact with the scene and more. It also allows you to create more complex scenes that might not be possible using just the Vue Components (Textures, Loaders, etc.).

The core of TresJS uses these composables internally, so you would be using the same API that the core uses. For instance, components that need to updated on the internal render loop use the useRenderLoop composable to register a callback that will be called every time the renderer updates the scene.

useRenderLoop

The useRenderLoop composable is the core of TresJS animations. It allows you to register a callback that will be called on native refresh rate. This is the most important composable in TresJS.

ts
const { onLoop, resume } = useRenderLoop()

onLoop(({ delta, elapsed, clock, dt }) => {
  // I will run at every frame ~60FPS (depending of your monitor)
})

WARNING

Be mindfull of the performance implications of using this composable. It will run at every frame, so if you have a lot of logic in your callback, it might impact the performance of your app. Specially if you are updating reactive states or references.

The onLoop callback receives an object with the following properties based on the THREE clock:

  • delta: The delta time between the current and the last frame. This is the time in seconds since the last frame.
  • elapsed: The elapsed time since the start of the render loop.

This composable is based on useRafFn from vueuse. Thanks to @wheatjs for the amazing contribution.

Before and after render

You can also register a callback that will be called before and after the renderer updates the scene. This is useful if you add a profiler to measure the FPS for example.

ts
const { onBeforeLoop, onAfterLoop } = useRenderLoop()

onBeforeLoop(({ delta, elapsed }) => {
  // I will run before the renderer updates the scene
  fps.begin()
})

onAfterLoop(({ delta, elapsed }) => {
  // I will run after the renderer updates the scene
  fps.end()
})

Pause and resume

You can pause and resume the render loop using the exposed pause and resume methods.

ts
const { pause, resume } = useRenderLoop()

// Pause the render loop
pause()

// Resume the render loop
resume()

Also you can get the active state of the render loop using the isActive property.

ts
const { resume, isActive } = useRenderLoop()

console.log(isActive) // false

resume()

console.log(isActive) // true

useLoader

The useLoader composable allows you to load assets using the THREE.js loaders. It returns a promise with loaded asset.

ts
import { GLTFLoader } from 'three/addons/loaders/GLTFLoader'

const { scene } = await useLoader(THREE.GLTFLoader, 'path/to/asset.gltf')

Since the useLoader composable returns a promise, you can use it with async/await or then/catch. If you are using it on a component make sure you wrap it with a Suspense component. See Suspense for more information.

vue
<template>
  <Suspense>
    <TheComponentUsingLoader />
  </Suspense>
</template>

useTexture

The useTexture composable allows you to load textures using the THREE.js texture loader. It returns a promise with the loaded texture(s).

ts
const texture = await useTexture(['path/to/texture.png'])

useTexture also accepts an object with the following properties:

  • map: a basic texture that is applied to the surface of an object
  • displacementMap: a texture that is used to add bumps or indentations to the object's surface
  • normalMap: a texture that is used to add surface detail to and variations in shading to the object
  • roughnessMap: a texture that is used to add roughness or a matte finish to the object's surface
  • metalnessMap: a texture that is used to add a metallic effect to the object's surface
  • aoMap: a texture that is used to add ambient occlusion (shading in areas where light is blocked by other objects) to the object.
  • alphaMap: a texture that is used to add alpha (the black part render as transparent) to the object. It's necessary to set :trasparent="true" on the material to use this map
  • matcap: this textures encodes the material color and shading.

In that case it will return an object with the loaded textures.

ts
const { map, displacementMap, normalMap, roughnessMap, metalnessMap, aoMap, alphaMap, matcap } = await useTexture({
  map: 'path/to/albedo.png',
  displacementMap: 'path/to/height.png',
  normalMap: 'path/to/normal.png',
  roughnessMap: 'path/to/roughness.png',
  metalnessMap: 'path/to/metalness.png',
  aoMap: 'path/to/ambien-occlusion.png',
  alphaMap: 'path/to/alpha.png',
  matcap: 'path/to/matcap.png',
})

Then you can bind the textures to the material.

vue
<template>
  <TresCanvas>
    <TresMesh>
      <TresSphereGeometry />
      <TresMeshStandardMaterial
        :map="map"
        :displacement-map="displacementMap"
        :normal-map="normalMap"
        :roughness-map="roughnessMap"
        :metalness-map="metalnessMap"
        :ao-map="aoMap"
        :alpha-map="alphaMap"
      />
    </TresMesh>
  </TresCanvas>
</template>

Similar to above composable, the useTexture composable returns a promise, you can use it with async/await or then/catch. If you are using it on a component make sure you wrap it with a Suspense component.

useSeek

The useSeek composable provides utilities to easily traverse and navigate through complex ThreeJS scenes and object children graphs. It exports two functions, seek and seekByName, which allow you to find child objects based on specific properties.

ts
const { seek, seekbyName } = useSeek()

The seek function accepts three parameters:

  • parent: A ThreeJS scene or Object3D.
  • property: The property to be used in the search condition.
  • value: The value of the property to match.

Both function traverses the object and returns the child object with the specified property and value. If no child with the given property and value is found, it returns null and logs a warning.

ts
const carRef = ref(null)

watch(carRef, ({ model }) => {
  if (model) {
    const car = model.children[0]

    const body = seek(car, 'name', 'Octane_Octane_Body_0')
    body.color.set(new Color('blue'))
  }
})

useTresContext

This composable aims to provide access to the state model which contains multiple useful properties.

ts
const { camera, renderer, camera, cameras } = useTresContext()

WARNING

useTresContext can be only be used inside of a TresCanvas since TresCanvas acts as the provider for the context data. Use the context exposed by TresCanvas if you find yourself needing it in parent components of TresCanvas.

vue
<TresCanvas>
  <MyModel />
</TresCanvas>
vue
// MyModel.vue

<script lang="ts" setup>
import { useTresContext } from '@tresjs/core'

const context = useTresContext()
</script>

Properties of context

PropertyDescription
camerathe currently active camera
camerasthe cameras that exist in the scene
controlsthe controls of your scene
deregisterCameraa method to deregister a camera. This is only required if you manually create a camera. Cameras in the template are deregistered automatically.
extendExtends the component catalogue. See extending
raycasterthe global raycaster used for pointer events
registerCameraa method to register a camera. This is only required if you manually create a camera. Cameras in the template are registered automatically.
rendererthe WebGLRenderer of your scene
scenethe scene.
setCameraActivea method to set a camera active
sizescontains width, height and aspect ratio of your canvas